Essays

The decision to adopt, for the third time, unrestricted submarine warfare in February 1917 was predicated on the German belief and calculation that they could starve Britain into submission before the policy so outraged American…

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“Men who march away” was the title of a celebrated patriotic poem of 1914, written by Thomas Hardy. Those soldiers were separated by a century from the redcoats who had fought at Waterloo, which is…

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Much like the Somme offensive of 1916, the Gallipoli campaign of 1915 has, amongst historians of the war, become a byword for poor planning, inadequately defined goals, overconfidence and haphazard execution. Notoriously conceived by Winston…

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